The Battle of Athens, Tennessee 1946 Restored the Rule of Law by using The Second Amendment.

The Battle of Athens

1-2 AUGUST 1946

  • Those who took up arms in Athens, Tennessee:
  • wanted honest elections, a cornerstone of our Constitutional order;
  • had repeatedly tried to get Federal or State election monitors;
  • used armed force so as to minimize harm to the law-breakers;
  • showed little malice to the defeated law-breakers;
  • restored lawful government.

The Battle of Athens clearly shows:

  • how Americans can and should lawfully use armed force;
  • why the Rule of Law requires unrestricted access to firearms;
  • how civilians with military-type firearms can beat the forces of “law and order”.


I. Introduction: 

On 2 August 1946, some Americans, brutalized by their county government, used armed force to overturn it. These Americans wanted honest, open elections. For years they had asked for state or Federal election monitors to prevent vote fraud — forged ballots, secret ballot counts, and intimidation by armed sheriff’s deputies — by the local political boss. They got no help.

These Americans’ absolute refusal to knuckle-under had been hardened by service in World War II. Having fought to free other countries from murderous regimes, they rejected vicious abuse by their county government. These Americans had a choice. Their state’s Constitution – Article 1, Section 26 – recorded their right to keep and bear arms for the common defense. Few “gun control” laws had been enacted.

II. The Setting 

These Americans were Tennesseeans of McMinn County, located between Chattanooga and Knoxville, in Eastern Tennessee. The two main towns were Athens and Etowah. McMinn Countians had long been independent political thinkers.

They also had long accepted bribe-taking by politicians and/or the Sheriff to overlook illicit whiskey-making and gambling; financed the sheriff’s department from fines – usually for speeding or public drunkenness – which promoted false arrests;put up with voting fraud by both Democrats and Republicans.

Tennessee State law barred voting fraud:

  • ballot boxes had to be shown to be empty before voting;
  • poll-watchers had to be allowed;
  • armed law enforcement officers were barred from polling places;
  • ballots had to be counted where any voter could watch.

III. The Circumstances

The Great Depression had ravaged McMinn County. Drought broke many farmers; workforces shrank. The wealthy Cantrell family, of Etowah, backed Franklin Delano Roosevelt in the 1932 election, hoping New Deal programs would revive the local economy and help Democrats to replace Republicans in the county government. So it proved.

Paul Cantrell was elected Sheriff in the 1936, 1938, and 1940 elections, but by slim margins. The Sheriff was the key County official. Cantrell was elected to the State Senate in 1942 and 1944; his chief deputy, Pat Mansfield, was elected sheriff. In 1946, Paul Cantrell again sought the Sheriff’s office.

IV. World War II Ends; Paul Cantrell’s Troubles Begin

At end-1945, some 3,000 battle-hardened veterans returned to McMinn County. Sheriff Mansfield’s deputies had brutalized many in McMinn County; the GIs held Cantrell politically responsible for Mansfield’s doings. Early in 1946, some newly-returned ex-GIs decided:

  • to challenge Cantrell politically;
  • to offer an all ex-GI, non-partisan ticket;
  • to promise a fraud-free election.
  • In ads and speeches the GI candidates promised:
  • an honest ballot count;
  • reform of county government.

At a rally, a GI speaker said, “‘The principals that we fought for in this past war do not exist in McMinn County. We fought for democracy because we believe in democracy but not the form we live under in this county.'” (Daily Post-Athenian, 17 June 1946, p. 1).

At end-July 1946, 159 McMinn County GIs petitioned the FBI to send election monitors. There was no response. The Department of Justice had not responded to McMinn Countians’ complaints of election fraud in 1940, 1942, and 1944.

V. From Ballots to Bullets

The election was held on 1 August. To intimidate voters, Mansfield brought in some 200 armed “deputies”. GI poll-watchers were beaten almost at once. At about 3 p.m., Tom Gillespie, an African-American voter, was told by a Sheriff’s deputy, “‘Nigger, you can’t vote here today!!'”. Despite being beaten, Gillespie persisted; the enraged deputy shot him. The gunshot drew a crowd. Rumors spread that Gillespie had been “shot in the back”; he later recovered. (C. Stephen Byrum, The Battle of Athens; Paidia Productions, Chattanooga TN, 1987; pp. 155-57).

Other deputies detained ex-GI poll-watchers in a polling place, as that made the ballot count “public”. A crowd gathered. Sheriff Mansfield told his deputies to disperse the crowd. When the two ex-GIs smashed a big window and escaped, the crowd surged forward. “The deputies, with guns drawn, formed a tight half-circle around the front of the polling place. One deputy, “his gun raised high …shouted: ‘You sons-of-bitches cross this street and I’ll kill you!'” (Byrum, p. 165).

Mansfield took the ballot boxes to the jail for counting. The deputies seemed to fear immediate attack, by the “people who had just liberated Europe and the South Pacific from two of the most powerful war machines in human history.” (Byrum, pp. 168-69).

Short of firearms and ammunition, the GIs scoured the county to find them. By borrowing keys to the National Guard and State Guard Armories, they got three M-1 rifles, five .45 semi-automatic pistols, and 24 British Enfield rifles. The armories were nearly empty after the war’s end.

By eight p.m., a group of GIs and “local boys” headed for the jail to get the ballot boxes. They occupied high ground facing the jail but left the back door unguarded to give the jail’s defenders an easy way out.

VI. The Battle of Athens

Three GIs – alerting passersby to danger – were fired on from the jail. Two GIs were wounded. Other GIs returned fire. Those inside the jail mainly used pistols; they also had a “tommy gun” (a .45 caliber Thompson sub-machine gun).

Firing subsided after 30 minutes: ammunition ran low and night had fallen. Thick brick walls shielded those inside the jail. Absent radios, the GIs’ rifle fire was un-coordinated. “From the hillside, fire rose and fell in disorganized cascades. More than anything else, people were simply ‘shooting at the jail’.” (Byrum, p. 189).

Several who ventured into “no man’s land”, the street in front of the jail, were wounded. One man inside the jail was badly hurt; he recovered. Most sheriff’s deputies wanted to hunker down and await rescue. Governor McCord mobilized the State Guard, perhaps to scare the GIs into withdrawing. The State Guard never went to Athens. McCord may have feared that Guard units filled with ex-GIs might not fire on other ex-GIs.

At about 2 a.m. on 2 August, the GIs forced the issue. Men from Meigs county threw dynamite sticks and damaged the jail’s porch. The panicked deputies surrendered. GIs quickly secured the building. Paul Cantrell faded into the night, almost having been shot by a GI who knew him, but whose .45 pistol had jammed. Mansfield’s deputies were kept overnight in jail for their own safety. Calm soon returned: the GIs posted guards. The rifles borrowed from the armory were cleaned and returned before sun-up.

VII. The Aftermath: Restoring Democracy in McMinn County

In five precincts free of vote fraud, the GI candidate for Sheriff, Knox Henry, won 1,168 votes to Cantrell’s 789. Other GI candidates won by similar margins.

The GIs did not hate Cantrell. They only wanted honest government. On 2 August, a town meeting set up a three-man governing committee. The regular police having fled, six men were chosen to police Athens; a dozen GIs were sent to police Etowah. In addition, “Individual citizens were called upon to form patrols or guard groups, often led by a GI. …To their credit, however, there is not a single mention of an abuse of power on their behalf.” (Byrum, p. 220).

Once the GI candidates’ victory had been certified, they cleaned-up county government:

  • the jail was fixed;
  • newly-elected officials accepted a $5,000 pay limit;
  • Mansfield supporters who resigned, were replaced.

The general election on 5 November passed quietly. McMinn Countians, having restored the Rule of Law, returned to their daily lives. Pat Mansfield moved back to Georgia. Paul Cantrell set up an auto dealership in Etowah. “Almost everyone who knew Cantrell in the years after the ‘Battle’ agree that he was not bitter about what had happened.” (Byrum, pp. 232-33; see also New York Times, 9 August 1946, p. 8).

VIII. The Outsiders’ Response

The Battle of Athens made national headlines. Most outsiders’ reports had the errors usual in coverage of large-scale, night-time events. A New York Times editorialist on 3 August savaged the GIs, who:

“…quite obviously – though we hope erroneously – felt that there was no city, county, or State agency to whom they could turn for justice.

… “There is a warning for all of us in the occurrence…and above all a warning for the veterans of McMinn County, who also violated a fundamental principle of democracy when they arrogated to themselves the right of law enforcement for which they had no election mandate. Corruption, when and where it exists, demands reform, and even in the most corrupt and boss-ridden communities there are peaceful means by which reform can be achieved. But there is no substitute, in a democracy, for orderly process.” (NYT, 3 Aug 1946, p. 14.)

The editorialist did not see:

  • McMinn Countians’ many appeals for outside help;
  • some ruthless people only respect force;
  • that it was wrong to equate use of force by evil-doers (Cantrell and Mansfield) with the righteous (the GIs).

The New York Times:

  • never saw that Cantrell and Mansfield’s wholesale election fraud, enforced at gun-point, trampled the Rule of Law;
  • feared citizens’ restoring the Rule of Law by armed force.

Other outsiders, e.g., Time and Newsweek, agreed. (See Time, 12 August 1946, p. 20; Newsweek, 12 Aug 1946, p. 31 and 9 September 1946, p. 38).

The 79th Congress adjourned on 2 August 1946, when the Battle of Athens ended. However, Representative John Jennings, Jr., from Tennessee decried:

  • McMinn County’s sorry situation under Cantrell and Mansfield;
  • the Justice Department’s repeated failures to help the McMinn Countians.

Jennings was delighted that “…at long last decency and honesty, liberty and law have returned to the fine county of McMinn…”. (Congressional Record, House; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1946; Appendix, Volume 92, Part 13, p. A4870.)

IX. The Lessons of Athens

Those who took up arms in Athens, Tennessee:

  • wanted honest elections, a cornerstone of our Constitutional order;
  • had repeatedly tried to get Federal or State election monitors;
  • used armed force so as to minimize harm to the law-breakers;
  • showed little malice to the defeated law-breakers;
  • restored lawful government.

The Battle of Athens clearly shows:

  • how Americans can and should lawfully use armed force;
  • why the Rule of Law requires unrestricted access to firearms;
  • how civilians with military-type firearms can beat the forces of “law and order”.

Dictators believe that public order is more important than the Rule of Law. However, Americans reject this idea. Criminals can exploit for selfish ends, the use armed force to restore the Rule of Law. But brutal political repression – as practiced by Cantrell and Mansfield – is lethal to many. An individual criminal can harm a handful of people. Governments alone can brutalize thousands, or millions.

Since 1915, officials of seven governments “gone bad” have committed genocide, murdering at least 56 million persons, including millions of children. “Gun control” clears the way for genocide by giving governments “gone bad” far greater freedom to commit mass murder.

Law-abiding McMinn Countians won the Battle of Athens because they were not hamstrung by “gun control”. McMinn Countians showed us when citizens can and should use armed force to support the Rule of Law. We are all in their debt.

This is a bare bones summary of a major report in JPFO’s Firearms Sentinel (January 1995). To learn how the gutsy people of Athens, Tennessee did the Framers of the Constitution proud, send $3 to JPFO, 2872 South Wentworth Avenue; Milwaukee, WI 53207; and request the January 1995 Firearms Sentinel. This document is from: (A.K. Pritchard)

Press reports on the Battle of Athens and Chronology — From contemporary sources.

X. Videos



On Friday, July 29, 2016. It was revealed that the FBI does not actually have any evidence against the Bundy’s or their co-defendants.

Nevada Assemblywoman Michele Fiore dropped a bombshell today in the Bundy case.

Citing personal anonymous sources, Fiore confirmed that the Federal government has no actual case against rancher Cliven Bundy, or any of the other defendants in the 2014 Bunkerville standoff case.

A lead FBI agent working with the prosecutor in the Bundy case revealed information about the case on Friday, July 29, 2016. It was revealed that the FBI does not actually have any evidence against the Bundy’s or their co-defendants.

The main reason that the judge has sealed the evidence is because there is none!

The only evidence in this case is from Facebook. There is no actual evidence of a crime being committed in Nevada.

The plan is to delay the trial for as long as possible so that the defendant’s spirit gets broken. The FBI is counting on these regular people needing to be home to take care of their families.

Being incarcerated for over six months is taking it’s toll on the cowboys and their families. Their parents, spouses and children are having to deal with the effects of not having the major breadwinner in the home. Some of them are said to be homeless.

It has been revealed that Joseph O’Shaughnessy was threatened with never seeing his 80 year old mother alive again.

Is it any wonder that these good Patriots are settling for making deals and plea bargains. The actions of the FBI are coercing the patriots to flip on the Bundy’s, as well as make up stories in order to straighten out their home situations.

Theses tactics make people believe they are in trouble, and could spend over 100 years in prison, when they haven’t done anything to warrant this, at all.

“However, when you have an authoritarian agent terrorizing you, and trained to do so,” Fiore explains, “one can become traumatized and cooperate believing that is the only way out.”

These American citizens are being held hostage in jail with no actual evidence. They are just hoping to break them into submission. They have sealed evidence from the press and the American people. They are frightening innocent men into taking plea bargains.

This is the country we have become. These tactics are against the very fabric of our law. Would you be able to handle this if one of your family members were locked up under these circumstances?

This must stop! The government is out of control and running as if they are above the law!

The Americans Are Coming!

View Video Here

Federally Manufactured Terrorism

Operation PATCON & The Strategy of Tensions. Manipulating The Minds of Americans (Rogue FBI and pals instigating Anti-Christian, Anti-Gunning, Anti-Patriot False Flags Against We The People)

In order to discredit and implicate “right-wing terror groups”, the FBI evidently instituted a “sting” program to help create such groups, supply them with weapons and explosives, and then move them on to violent acts. The purpose? Ultimately to enact otherwise impossible anti-constitutional legislation, to futher erode protections of privacy, and to further limit the right of US citizens to posess firearms.

A long legacy of violent acts seems thereby to have been artficially created: the Stockton Schoolyard Massacre, the 1993 Twin Towers bombing (proven to be FBI created), and the 1995 Oklahoma City Bombing. In 1999, FBI “Project Meggido” officially declared certain conservative Christian groups as ‘terrorists’.

All this appeared to the public to give some credence to Bill Clinton’s strange announcement of a “Vast Right-Wing Conspiracy” – a ‘conspiracy’ he evidently had a hand in creating himself.

PATCON seems to have morphed for some time (ca 2000) to include factes necessary for perpetrating the 9/11 attacks, under the administration of George Bush. This included, for examle, shadowing Mossad agents, who were in turn shadowing the ‘hijackers’ who had CIA-supplied passports, but doing nothing to stop them. You will note in certain of the documents contained in this pack references to “middle-eastern” men etc. … and remembering “Middle East Terrorists” working together with the FBI for the WTC-93 bombing… the framework for 9/11 already being laid.

In the same year as the original World Trade Center bombing, the FBI circulated a peculiar memo (in this package) suddenly calling for PATCON to stop – sort of. The memo seems to leave some ambiguity as to whether the program is ending, or if agents were just to stop talking about it. Remember “class-1″ FBI operations involve illegal activities (carried out by FBI agents) to begin with, and the revelations of FBI involvement in that WTC attack might have made things a little too hot to go on without ‘deniability’.

Under the Obama administration, however, PATCON (though “officialy” ended as a class-1 illegal operation in 1993), seems to have been restored to its original purposes, and once more under the watchful eye of Eric Holder (assistant in the original PATCON). This time, it takes the form of engendering bloodshed and violence using the “Fast and Furious” gun-running scheme. This FBI-sponsored gun running to Mexican drug cartels was ment to frame lawful US gun owners and firearms dealers as the cause of the violence. Again, the purpose was to get anti-Constitutional legislation passed.

The Strategy of Tension:

A tactic to divide, manipulate and control people. The strategy of tension (Italian: strategia della tensione) in any language, even as reported by Wikipedia in an article dotted with claims for documentation that appear to be distractions, is a tactic that aims to divide, manipulate, and control public opinion using fear, propaganda, disinformation, psychological warfare, agents provocateur, and false flag terrorist actions. Sound like today’s news? It’s not. But it does have an inglorious tradition that goes back to the CIA-supported, neofascist movement, Operation Gladio, post World War II.

tyranny danger smokey the bear

Seriously. What is it going to take to arrest Obama and Eric Holder?
HEADLINE: 20+ Examples of the Violent Legacy of Fast and Furious

Globalists Continue To Push The Lie That Treaties Are Binding Upon The United States Citizens: Treaties Can Be Nullified By States Or Statutes & Obama Removed From Office!

Our Senate and President (not to mention that he is a usurper) lack lawful authority to enter into a treaty that conflicts with The Constitution so even signed and ratified it would not be a valid treaty.

Reblogged from Political Vel Craft dated July 2012

The following qualifies as one of the greatest lies the globalists continue to push upon the American people. That lie is: “Treaties supersede the U.S. Constitution“.

The Second follow-up lie is this one: “A treaty, once passed, cannot be set aside”. HERE ARE THE CLEAR IRREFUTABLE FACTS: The U.S. Supreme Court has made it very clear that

1) Treaties do not override the U.S. Constitution. 2) Treaties cannot amend the Constitution. And last, 3) A treaty can be nullified by a statute passed by the U.S. Congress (or by a sovereign State or States if Congress refuses to do so), when the State deems a treaty the performance of a treaty is self-destructive. The law of self-preservation overrules the law of obligation in others. When you’ve read this thoroughly, hopefully, you will never again sit quietly by when someone — anyone — claims that treaties supercede the Constitution. Help to dispell this myth. “This [Supreme] Court has regularly and uniformly recognized the supremacy of the Constitution over a treaty.” – Reid v. Covert, October 1956, 354 U.S. 1, at pg 17.

This case involved the question: Does the NATO Status of Forces Agreement (treaty) supersede the U.S. Constitution? Keep reading. The Reid Court (U.S. Supreme Court) held in their Opinion that,

“… No agreement with a foreign nation can confer power on the Congress, or any other branch of government, which is free from the restraints of the Constitution. Article VI, the Supremacy clause of the Constitution declares, “This Constitution and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all the Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land…’

“There is nothing in this language which intimates that treaties and laws enacted pursuant to them do not have to comply with the provisions of the Constitution nor is there anything in the debates which accompanied the drafting and ratification which even suggest such a result…

“It would be manifestly contrary to the objectives of those who created the Constitution, as well as those who were responsible for the Bill of Rights – let alone alien to our entire constitutional history and tradition – to construe Article VI as permitting the United States to exercise power UNDER an international agreement, without observing constitutional prohibitions. (See:Elliot’s Debates 1836 ed. – pgs 500-519).

“In effect, such construction would permit amendment of that document in a manner not sanctioned by Article VI. The prohibitions of the Constitution were designed to apply to all branches of the National Government and they cannot be nullified by the Executive or by the Executive and Senate combined.”

Did you understand what the Supreme Court said here? No Executive Order, Presidential Directive, Executive Agreement, no NAFTA, GATT/WTO agreement/treaty, passed by ANYONE, can supersede the Constitution. FACT. No question! At this point the Court paused to quote from another of their Opinions; Geofroy v. Riggs, 133 U.S. 258 at pg. 267 where the Court held at that time that,

“The treaty power as expressed in the Constitution, is in terms unlimited except by those restraints which are found in that instrument against the action of the government or of its departments and those arising from the nature of the government itself and of that of the States. It would not be contended that it extends so far as to authorize what the Constitution forbids, or a change in the character of the government, or a change in the character of the States, or a cession of any portion of the territory of the latter without its consent.”

Assessing the GATT/WTO parasitic organism in light of this part of the Opinion, we see that it cannot attach itself to its host (our Republic or States) in the fashion the traitors in our government wish, without our acquiescing to it. The Reid Court continues with its Opinion:

“This Court has also repeatedly taken the position that an Act of Congress, which MUST comply with the Constitution, is on full parity with a treaty, the statute to the extent of conflict, renders the treaty null. It would be completely anomalous to say that a treaty need not comply with the Constitution when such an agreement can be overridden by a statute that must conform to that instrument.”

The U.S. Supreme court could not have made it more clear : TREATIESDO NOT OVERRIDE THE CONSTITUTION, AND CANNOT, IN ANY FASHION, AMEND IT !!! CASE CLOSED. Now we must let our elected “representatives” in Washington and the State legislatures know that we no longer believe the BIG LIE… we know that we are not bound by unconstitutional Treaties, Executive Orders, Presidential Directives, and other such treasonous acts.

[Note: the above information was taken from Aid & Abet Police Newsletter, with limited revision. P.O. Box 8712, Phoenix, Arizona. Acknowledgment given to Claire Kelly, for her good assistance and in depth treaty research. The use of this information is not to be construed as endorsement of Aid & Abet Police Newsletter. Claire Kelly is a trusted and knowledgeable friend. – CDR]


Here’s what Thomas Jefferson said on the right to renounce treaties:

“Compacts then, between a nation and a nation, are obligatory on them as by the same moral law which obliges individuals to observe their compacts. There are circumstances, however, which sometimes excuse the non-performance of contracts between man and man; so are there also between nation and nation. When performance, for instance, becomes impossible, non-performance is not immoral; so if performance becomes self-destructive to the party, the law of self-preservation overrules the law of obligation in others”.

pg 317 – “The Life and Selected Writings of Thomas Jefferson,” A. Koch & Wm. Peden, Random House 1944, renewed 1972. Jefferson also said in a letter to Wilson C. Nicholas on Sept. 7, 1803, Ibid. pg 573

“Our peculiar security is in the possession of a written Constitution. Let us not make it a blank paper by construction [interpretation]. I say the same as to the opinion of those who consider the grant of the treaty making power as boundless. If it is, then we have no Constitution.” ______________________________________________________________Further evidence:

Excerpt from a letter from U.S. Senator, Arlen Specter, (R. Penn.) to constituent, November 3, 1994.

“Dear Mr. Neely:”Thank you for contacting my office regarding the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. … I have signed on as a cosponsor of Senator Bradley’s resolution [SR 70, which urges the president to seek the advice and consent of the Senate for ratification] because I believe that the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child is an appropriate step in the direction of promoting the well-being of children throughout the world. [he goes on to mention concerns that the treaty would subjugate familial and parental responsibility to an international entity, which he denies] “… Secondly, the Convention would not override the U.S. Constitution; rather, as in the case of any treaty, any provision that conflicts with our Constitution would be void in our country… “

[CDR Note: It is our belief that Arlen Specter would not have been as truthful regarding Constitutional Supremacy over treaties if he had a clue that this letter to a constituent would have found its way into the hands or eyes of the public.]


Logical deduction:      No law or treaty supersedes the Supreme Law of the Land.  ‘Supreme’… meaning ‘highest or greatest’.  What is higher than highest or greater than greatest, other than our Creator?  The Constitution acknowledges our God-given, unalienable rights, and secures those rights in that acknowledgement.         The Constitution gives the US Senate authority to ratify treaties with other nations. Americans have been propagandized into believing that those treaties become the supreme law of the land superseding the Constitution. Let’s examine this deception closely and dispel the myth once and for all. Article VI of the Constitution states:

Clause 2 – “This Constitution and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the constitution [of any state] or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding.”Clause 3 – “The senators and representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several state legislatures, and all executives and judicial officers, both of the United States and the several states, shall be bound by oath of affirmation to support this Constitution .”

Laws made in pursuance of this Constitution are laws which are made within the strict and limited confines of the Constitution itself. No federal, state, or international law, rule or bureaucratic regulation and no state constitution can supersede B or be repugnant to B this Constitution.

Treaties made under the authority of the United States… the United States (federal government) was authorized by and on behalf of the people and in pursuance of this Constitution to enter into certain treaties with other governments. The United States (federal government) obtains its authority solely from the Constitution. It would be ludicrous to think that it has the power to circumvent (via treaties) that which grants it its authority.

In Clause 3, it is made clear that every elected official, both federal and state, is bound by oath to support this Constitution. Who can rightly, and genuinely claim to be given the power to destroy that which they are elected and sworn to uphold?

The powers granted by the Constitution cannot sanely be construed to provide the authority to usurp, pre-empt or eradicate it.       The U.S. Supreme Court as cited above correctly ruled that the supremacy of the Constitution overrides treaties. It should be noted that if any Court, be it a State, Federal or the U.S. Supreme Court, should ever rule otherwise, the decision would be repugnant to the Constitution and the ruling would be null and void.

The answer to this question is self-evident.

The Constitution authorizes the United States to enter into treaties with other nations B the word Anation@ although not explicit, is certainly implied. The United Nations is an Organization – a Global Corporate Bureaucracy.The ‘experts’ in international law, commerce, banking, environment, etc.; and a cadre of alleged conservative / Christian-conservative leaders — lawyer, Dame of Malta, Phyllis Schlafly being a prime example — have been spewing forth propaganda to instill and further the myth of ‘treaty-supremacy’ for decades.

Their ‘expertise’ is an illusion created apparently with hopes to instill a sense of inferiority in the ‘common man’ (their term) so we will all defer to their superior intelligence. Let’s not go there. Here’s a perfect example of ‘expert’ propaganda on the supremacy question: On April 11, 1952, Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles (cfr), speaking before the American Bar Association in Louisville, Kentucky said…

“Treaties make international law and also they make domestic law. Under our Constitution, treaties become the supreme law of the land…. Treaty law can override the Constitution. Treaties, for example, …can cut across the rights given the people by their constitutional Bill of Rights.”

Mr. Dulles is confused about the People’s rights. To repeat an earlier statement of fact: the Constitution doesn’t ‘give’ us rights. The Constitution acknowledges and secures our inherent, Creator-endowed rights. What Creator gives, no man can take away. The Dulles brothers worked (lied) long and hard to firmly establish the treaty-supremacy myth. And they realized it would have to be done by deceit — propaganda. Admittedly by propaganda.

“There is no indication that American public opinion, for example, would approve the establishment of a super state, or permit American membership in it. In other words, time – a long time – will be needed before world government is politically feasible… This time element might seemingly be shortened so far as American opinion is concerned by an active propaganda campaign in this country…”

Allen W. Dulles (cfr) from a UN booklet, Headline Series #59 (New York: The Foreign Policy Association., Sept.-Oct., 1946) pg 46.      The question of “nationhood” in reference to the United Nations seems to have been addressed by the errant Congress.  A quick fix apparently took place in the U.S. Senate on March 19, 1970. According to the Anaheim (Cal) Bulletin, 4-20-1970, the Senate ratified a resolution recognizing the United Nations Organization as a sovereign nation. That would be tantamount to recognizing General Motors as a sovereign nation. Are we beginning to get the picture? Case Closed Sweet Liberty

Second Important Article About The Treaty Myth.

Treaties do not override the Constitution.
By Don Fotheringham In anticipation that our president may sign one or more treaties that conflict with the U.S. Constitution’s limited grant of power, several voices of alarm are contending that a treaty can override, or in effect amend, our Constitution. Although that view has gained some currency, it is a myth that contradicts the intent of those who framed the Constitution. And it violates any reasonable interpretation of that document. Origin of the Myth The frightful idea that U.S. treaties with foreign nations supercede the Constitution has been regularly promoted since the Eisenhower era.
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1 It was given a big boost in 1952 when Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, a founding member of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), made the following statement:
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2 … congressional laws are invalid if they do not conform to the Constitution, whereas treaty laws can override the Constitution. Treaties, for example, can take powers away from Congress and give them to the President; they can take powers from the states and give them to the Federal Government, or to some international body and they can cut across the rights given the people by the Constitutional Bill of Rights.
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3 It would be hard to find a more preposterous assertion. Sadly, however, many citizens have been led to believe that treaties do override the Constitution. Could anyone really think our founding fathers spent four months in convention, limiting the size, power and scope of government, and then provided for their work to be destroyed by one lousy treaty?
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But one might object, what about Article VI? Article VI establishes the supremacy of U.S. laws and treaties made within the bounds of the Constitution. It is called the Supremacy Clause, because it places federal laws and treaties that are made pursuant to the Constitution above state constitutions, laws. and treaties. Some Important History This was needed because, contrary to their agreement under the Articles of Confederation, certain states had violated their trust and entered into treaties with foreign powers.
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During the convention,
Madison said: “Experience had evinced a constant tendency in the States to encroach on federal authority; to violate national Treaties, to infringe the rights and interests of each other.”
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4 State-made pacts often conflicted with peace and trade treaties wanted by the Confederation Congress for the benefit of all thirteen states, making it hard for Congress to consummate better agreements with other nations. This also led to fierce contention between the states in their effort to monopolize the import of goods from Europe and the Indian tribes. But more serious dangers arose in matters of security, for should one state be at war with a foreign power while a sister state honors its peace agreement with the same enemy, the security of the entire Confederation would be threatened.
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5 In an effort to head off such dangers, the Confederation Congress frequently attempted to nullify
state-made treaties in the state courts (there were no federal courts). But as might be expected, the state judges ruled inevitably in favor of their own states, pursuant to the state laws and constitutions.
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The 1787 Convention corrected that problem by making certain only federal treaties would be recognized as valid. In this light, it is not hard to understand why paragraph two of Article VI is worded as follows: This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land, and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding. Upon ratification of the Constitution, the state treaties were nullified.
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Thereafter, only federal treaties were recognized as supreme, regardless of any remaining state provisions to the contrary. Moreover, under the new Constitution the founders established a Supreme Court, granting it original jurisdiction over treaty controversies, and thereby removing from state judges jurisdiction over treaty cases. In addition to quelling strife among the states, Article VI accomplished a major objective of the Convention, mainly that of placing the United States in a position to speak to the world with one voice.
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United States treaties are created when proposed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate. The power of the President and the Senate, in their treaty-making capacity, was never intended to be a power greater than the Constitution. Citizens who met in the state ratifying conventions (1787 to 1790) to examine with great care the provisions of the proposed Constitution had a correct understanding of the Supremacy Clause.
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During the ratifying debates, James Madison answered questions regarding the new national charter and commented on the extent of the treaty-making power under Article VI: “I do not conceive that power is given to the President and Senate to dismember the empire, or to alienate any great, essential right. I do not think the whole legislative authority have this power. The exercise of the power must be consistent with the object of its delegation.”
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6 In the same discussion
Madison said: “Here, the supremacy of a treaty is contrasted with the supremacy of the laws of the states. It cannot be otherwise supreme.” That is, a treaty cannot in any other manner or situation be supreme. Thomas Jefferson: “I say the same as to the opinion of those who consider the grant of treaty- making to be boundless. If it is, then we have no Constitution.”
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But we do have a Constitution. Its life and viability depend entirely on the small number of citizens who 1) understand the document, and 2) who equally understand the forces at work to destroy it. At this point enough time has passed, and enough false teachings have been promulgated, to cause modern Americans to fall for the treaty power ploy. It is not surprising that John Foster Dulles, a ranking member of the CFR, should in 1952 circulate the treaty-power heresy that yet prevails.
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It is time for serious reflection on the words of Edmond Burke, “The people never give up their liberties but under some delusion.” Those who seek to preserve the sovereignty of the United States must work energetically to expose the Dulles delusion — the ridiculous idea that treaties have intrinsic powers greater than the Constitution.
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1 In decades immediately prior to the Dulles speech, Supreme Court decisions had already begun to enunciate the idea (see, for example, Missouri v. Holland in 1920 and United States v. Pink in 1942).
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2 Dulles actually made this statement during a speech in Louisville on April 2, 1952, shortly before Eisenhower appointed him Secretary of State.
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3 Quoted by Frank E. Holman, Story of the Bricker Amendment, (New York Committee for Constitutional Government, Inc., 1954), pp. 14, 15.
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4 The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787, Farrand, Vol. I, p. 164.
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5 Benjamin Franklin’s Plan of Union, America, Vol. 3, p. 47.
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6 Debates on the Federal Constitution, Jonathan Elliot, ed., second edition, Philadelphia, J.B. Lippincott Company, 1907, Vol. III, p. 514. Robert Welch University
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Founding Fathers

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Related articles:

The Second Amendment Militia ~ Rescue Liberty

The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution reads, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

Today is kind of special to me. This is the one year aniversary of clicking a button on facebook and sending out a message to The American Patriots to help halt the invasion and secure the border beginning with The Laredo Texas crossing.. We were gonna build a fence and defend the southern border since the federal government wasnt. Texas wasn’t either. We chose Laredo due to some particularly ugly intel we recieved from militia recon there. 

I called Texas Governor Perry office several times warning them of what was going on down here. That large groups of women and children were being sent thru to surrender themselves to border patrol as a diversion to tie up our borderpatrolmen while the real bad guys come waltzing in unhindered at a different location. Our Honorable Border Patrolmen were too busy making P,B & J sandwiches and changing dirty diapers than doing what they love to do which is defend the border.. I got sick of it…
I got sick of our Border Patrol having their hands tied by federal mandates that facilitated the invasion and the invaders.. Thank you Eric Holder you p.o.s. I hope I live long enough to see him hang for his crimes against America and We The People… Mr Fast and Furious who got Brian Terry killed along with at least 30 other people from both sides of the border with his gun running schemes and aiding the enemy.
I tagged governor perry with it and as many sheriffs and militias as i could find on facebook and I found a bunch!! This is the text of the original alert: The American Patriots made it viral within hours and it was global news within 24 hours..You guys grabbed that brushfire of Liberty and set the land on fire!! We finally got the attention on the border.
***ACTION ALERT*** All Texas & National Militia Available Please Converge Immediately Status GO: Mission close down Laredo Crossing for starters ((All need to be closed)) Operation complete when border fence is in place and secure Name: Love’s #298 Love’s Travel Stop 28527 Interstate 35, Encinal, TX 78019 (956) 948-7044 Location: I 35 & Hwy 44, Encinal, TX Distance from Encino: 93.7 miles Contact numbers: for location and or pick up 580 889 1036 423 333 8872 Militia Conference Number 24/7 For info and assistance 559 726 1300  access 639939# It’s time to bring down the thunder. Activating the Patriots willing to stand up for America GO GO GO. III% Kelli in Texas USA Let’s share this like the brushfires of Liberty”
That is what I posted last year when I sounded the alarm … or ‘Called down The Thunder’ as I am fond of saying.
Michael Savage read it on his show Savage Nation and hollered out loud GOD BLESS YOU!! Lol. I took a lot of heat for doing what I did. But, it was worth it and I am still ready to do whatever it takes to defend America and rescue Liberty from this tyranny.. No one is going to say that I sat still and did nothing to defend my country and her borders..

Michael Savage Podcast The Savage Nation June 20 2014 Hour 3 

(Mark video at 18:50 to view)
I am an Article 5 Strategist and I serve as National Coordinator for a group called Citizen Initiatives.. We are advancing The Article 5 Countermand Amendment Convention through State Legislatures. Bypassing the corrupt US Congress, Courts and Executive branches of The Federal Government using the Article V Strategy left to us by th framers of our beloved Constitution. It’s what I do.. It is my primary mission. BUT I had to stop what I was doing to find a way to stop the illegal invasion.
It wreaked havok on my world… The chaos.. The infighting and backbiting that went on amongst the militias and various other Patriot groups.. agent provocatuers and undisciplined yahoos wreaking havok. Lies, gossip, scandals, petty arguments and accusations were flying everywhere. Still there were a few who stood tall and strong and smart..
All the while our best patriots are being targeted and attacked by the enemies of Liberty both foreign and domestic. We learned a lot with The Bundy Situation and then we learned even more with the Laredo Wall Initiative action alert. A year has come and gone since that day. I remember it well. I prayed and cried and then clicked that button. John Wayne said that courage is being scared to death and saddling up anyways.. So I saddled up and America, did indeed, answer the call..
And the corrupt politicians and elitists realized that they could not ignore us anymore. WE COWBOYED UP!
Texas Militia Groups Call Members to Border
(Breitbart) – Militia groups in Texas and across the nation are responding to the Texas Border Surge announced Wednesday night by the offices of the Governor, Lt. Governor and Texas House Speaker. An announcement was made on several new media outlets including Facebook.

Texas Reserve Militia Info and Guidelines

Form every Militia according to a law that we already have and get a Resolution passed in every County Court. I have a version of a Resolution and if you want a copy, message me with your email address and I will get it to you.

    • Sec. 431.001. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:(1) “Reserve militia” means the persons liable to serve, but not serving, in the state military forces.

      (1-a) “Servicemember” has the meaning assigned by Section 161.551, Health and Safety Code.

      (2) “State militia” means the state military forces and the reserve militia.

      (3) “State military forces” means the Texas National Guard, the Texas State Guard, and any other active militia or military force organized under state law.

      (4) “Texas National Guard” means the Texas Army National Guard and the Texas Air National Guard.

      (5) “Employee” has the meaning assigned by Section 21.002, Labor Code.

      (6) “Employer” has the meaning assigned by Section 21.002, Labor Code.

      (7) “Political subdivision” has the meaning assigned by Section 21.002, Labor Code. Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 147, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987.

    • SUBCHAPTER E. RESERVE MILITIASec. 431.071. MILITARY DUTY. (a) The reserve militia is not subject to active military duty, except that the governor may call into service the portion of the reserve militia needed for the period required in case of war, insurrection, invasion or prevention of invasion, suppression of riot, tumult, or breach of peace or to aid civil officers to execute law or serve process.

      (b) The governor may assign members of the reserve militia who are called into service to existing organizations of the state military forces or organize them as circumstances require. Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 147, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987.

    • Sec. 431.072. COUNTY EMERGENCY BOARD. The county emergency board of each county consists of the county judge, sheriff, and tax assessor-collector. If one of those officers is unable to act, the governor shall designate another public official to serve on the board.Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 147, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987.
    • Sec. 431.073. DRAFT. (a) The governor, by order to the county emergency board, shall apportion the number of members of the reserve militia called into service among the counties by draft according to each county’s population or by other means the governor directs. The county emergency board shall establish fair and equitable procedures for selection of persons to fill the draft according to regulations adopted by the governor. On completion of the selection, the board shall deliver a list of the persons selected to the governor and notify each person selected of the time and place to appear and report.(b) A member of the reserve militia while in active service is a member of the state military forces under Section 432.001(16), and is subject to the punitive provisions of Chapter 432. A member who does not appear at the time and place designated by the county emergency board shall be punished as a court-martial directs. Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 147, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987.
    • Sec. 431.074. PENALTY. (a) A member of a county emergency board who neglects or refuses to perform a duty required by this subchapter commits an offense.(b) An offense under this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than $1,000 and confinement in jail for not less than six nor more than 12 months. Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 147, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987.

Contact: David W. Smith

Form every Militia according to a law that we already have and get a Resolution passed in every County Court. I am working on one right now in Orange County. I have a version of a Resolution and if you want a copy message me with your email address and I will get it to you.

Contact: 409-201-3644

David W. Smith ~ GTM Commander

KAPOW!! Texas Attorney General: Stop Whining About the Militia and Defend the Border
August 12, 2014 I AM LOVING THIS ONE!!! By now everyone is well aware of the disaster happening at the border with thousands of illegals pouring into the country, while President Obama watches glee…
The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution reads, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”
The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution reads,
“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State,
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”
Abbott is the new Texas Governor now… 800 million dollars has been released to secure the border and i think every penny of it should be paid out of The DHS budget. DEFUND THE DHS!!!
The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution reads,
“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State,
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”
Signed Sincerely,


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Southern Border – Brownsville, TX – No Man’s Land
Rusty lives on a 34-acre farm in “no man’s land,” part of a rural area of Brownsville that lies between the border fence and the river. He shares his experience of his father’s motives in riding with Pancho Villa during the Mexican revolution in an effort to ensure the viability of a middle class in that nation, the loss of American sovereignty, and the criminality of smugglers who stoop to selling children they have abducted into sexual slavery in brothels located in Mexico, the U.S., and worldwide…


We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

Camp Lone Star – The Arrest of K. C. Massey

Gary Hunt
Outpost of Freedom
October 21, 2014


Yesterday, in the early afternoon, Kevin (K.C.) Massey, 48, was arrested in a motel room near Brownsville, Texas. Massey was one of the organizers of Camp Lone Star, which has been turning back, or turning over to the Border Protection Service (BPS), illegal aliens attempting to cross the Southern border. He was alone when the FBI and BATF arrested him, charging him with Felony Possession of a Firearm. He was convicted in 1988 of burglary – over a quarter of a century ago. To better understand the charge against Massey, I refer you to a previous article on a similar situation, “No bended knee for me” – the Charge against Robert Beecher. It would appear that Massey is subject to the same intentional misinterpretation of the Federal Statute.

These occurrences (Beecher and Massey) should provide adequate warning to patriots, especially those who have a felony record, that there is a concerted effort on the part of government to find cause to bring charges against you and take your guns away. They also provide insight into the tactics that the government is using to cull the patriot community of as many as they can, reducing the remaining numbers, and intimidating those who remain.

For an understanding of how informants and other infiltrators work, I would suggest reading “Informants Amongst Us?” and “Vortex“. To understand who the likely patriot targets of federal persecution are, I suggest “C3CM“.

These are trumped up charges and propaganda. Part of something called Operation Patcon and The Strategy of Tension. It is anti-militia, anti-Christian, anti-gun, anti-patriot and anti-American propaganda meant to stampede the herd of clueless Americans in the direction the tyrannical government wants the sheeple to go, namely hoping to enact UNCONSTITUTIONAL gun laws under the guise of keeping the people safe. What people are forgetting is that if we lose our second amendment right to bear arms we also lose our ability to protect ALL THE REST of our God given rights.

Our corrupt government seems to think unlawful threats are legal practice for them now. Are they not bound by our rights and laws any more??? Stand with us. They want LoneStar closed. Help us build it stronger. “REGULATORS, MOUNT UP!!!”

Breaking News! October 23, 2014
Khristy Massey breaks her silence and tells her story. Her own words are as follows…..

Around 1:30 pm on monday afternoon October 21, 2014 me and my son were outside in the driveway of my home in Quinlan, Tx. All at once cars started pulling into my yard. Several men got out of the cars. Two of the six men approached me and one of them said that they needed to speak with me alone and wanted to know if there was anyone else at my house. I noticed that the two men that approached me had weapons. One of them stated that he didn’t want anyone else to hear our conversation. I stated that only my son and I were home. He told me that my husband had been arrested in Brownsville, Tx which is 600 miles away from my residence.

Some of the other men there started trying to come towards me and were told to back up and not crowd me. The others backed away and surrounded my son at the end of the driveway. The man showed me his badge. I was in shock but I believe the badge said FBI.

He stated that my husband was cooperating which would only help his case. He stated that it would be in my best interest to cooperate as well. He said that they wanted permission to come in my home and retrieve any guns, magazines and ammunition that I had in my home. He also said that he would like to sit down and talk to my about everything I know about the militia. He stated that this would be my one and only chance to help my husband. He said that my husband would be facing 3 to 5 years in federal prison but if we would cooperate that he may be able to speak to someone about getting this time reduced.

He also informed me that federal time in prison is day for day with no early release. They did not have a search warrant for my residence. When I denied entrance into my house he stated that if I tried to remove any of the guns from my possession or transfer them to anyone else that they would be back with a pair of silver bracelets for me. I stated that I didn’t know anything and that I wasn’t going to do anything because I had done nothing wrong.

He said that they know every gun that my husband has and that they know there are guns registered to me that really aren’t mine. He also stated that I was unaware of where they have bugs and who their informants are. The final thing he told me before they left was that it would be in my best interest not to let this get out into the community because that would only make things worse.

The men then got in their cars and pulled out of my driveway. I was shaking and distraught. Not knowing what to do and now paranoid about using my phone, I got in my car and drove down the road to my friends house to use her phone. I placed a phone call to my husbands father who was career military in the hopes that he might have some guidance for what I should do.

I stayed at my friends house for about 20 minutes and then decided to go back home. As I approached my home I noticed two of the vehicles parked on the opposite side of the road from my house. I pulled in the driveway for a moment before deciding not to stay there. At this point I felt threatened and unsafe.

I drove to a public place where I knew people and went inside to see if they could help me make some sense of all of this. As I was heading toward this safe place I noticed various vehicles sitting on the side of the road and at a convenience store nearby. I didn’t know who to talk to or where to turn. I was paranoid that my car may have been bugged and I was sure that my cell phone had been tapped. I stayed at my safe place for about an hour and when I heard from my other son that he was on his way home from work I returned home.

Friends and family came to my house for support. My youngest son called in to work telling them he would not be in the following day. He and a friend stayed up all night watching our house. I wasn’t able to fall asleep until 3:30 am. I was contacted by a neighbor saying that she had seen cars parked on the side of the road a day or two before the FBI showing up at my house. There were also cars spotted on my road up until 9:00 pm Monday night.

Tuesday morning I was informed that my husband was not allowed bond at his arraignment. He was then moved by US Marshall’s to a federal detention facility.

Khristy Massey

-Virginia Desk





Militia Member Charged in Federal Court

BROWNSVILLE – A member of a militia camped out south of Brownsville has been charged in federal court.

The man, John Frederick Foerster, is accused of being a felon in possession of a firearm. Agents with the ATF launched an investigation after a Border Patrol agent opened fire on Foerster on Aug. 29 near the Rio Grande.

Agents arrested Foerster Tuesday.

A criminal complaint states that agents from the Fort Brown Border Patrol Station were patrolling a brushy area when they encountered Foerster. According to the complaint, Foerster pointed a firearm at one of the agents, who fired several shots at Foerster.

Foerster was not injured in the incident.

Foerster is a member of “Rusty’s Rangers,” a group of armed civilians patrolling the border south of Brownsville, according to the complaint.

Border Patrol agents confiscated an AK-47-type weapon from Foerster after the incident. They also disarmed two other members of the militia who were in the immediate vicinity of the incident. One of those men, Kevin Lyndel Massey, also was carrying an AK-47 variant, the complaint states.

Massey was arrested Monday and charged on Tuesday with being a felon in possession of a firearm.

Investigators confiscated several more weapons during the investigation.

She says quote “confiscated the gun Foerster used to fire on that agent” 


News Director for KRGV is Jenny Martinez


  Lower Valley

 CLICK HERE to read the Criminal Complaint



Does this video prove that a citizen patrol group is being targeted?


October 31, 2014 By
Last week, two men from the citizen border watch group “Camp Lonestar” were arrested. One of the men, Kevin Massey, was arrested by Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives agents on October 20 after it was “discovered” that “he is a felon and was in possession of a firearm.”

The day after Massey was arrested, a local Fox affiliate reported that Cameron County Sheriff Omar Lucio evidently went on a fishing expedition, as he said that he had “asked for a record check on the militia to ensure they [citizen patrol group] were following the law.” But on October 22, Frank Ortega, resident agent in charge of the Brownsville Field Office of the ATF, was quoted as saying that “[T]here was a federal arrest warrant for him.”

The warrant was “sealed.”

On October 23, John Foerster, also of Camp Lonestar, was also arrested “on a charge of being a felon in possession of a weapon,” as reported at the Monitor, who added:

Foerster is accused of pointing a weapon at a U.S. Border Patrol agent on Aug. 29 in Brownsville. The documents state Foerster was hiding in brush and pointed a firearm at an agent who encountered him. The agent reportedly fired several shots at the militia man.

The day before, reported:

On Aug. 29, a U.S. Border Patrol agent, while chasing immigrants thought to be entering the country illegally, fired several rounds at an armed American Patriot walking near the banks of the Rio Grande.

At the time of the August 29 shooting, a report at the Associated Press stated that “agents had been chasing a group of immigrants east of Brownsville Friday afternoon when an agent saw a man holding a gun near the Rio Grande. The agent fired four shots, but did not hit the man. The man then dropped his gun and identified himself as a member of a militia.”

As observed at Bearing Arms,

Fortunately for the militiaman the Border Patrol agent can’t shoot straight, and he [the citizen patrol member] was unharmed.

At the time, the AP reported, Sheriff Lucio “said the incident occurred on private property and it appeared the man had permission to be there.”

The AP account is heavily disputed by Kevin Massey, as noted below.

Cameron County Sheriff Omar Lucio was also quoted in the article saying, “We really don’t need the militia here.” Lucio also “noted that with the Border Patrol, Texas Department of Public Safety and local law enforcement, there are enough agencies working to secure the border.”

Would David Gara agree?

David Gara, 51, who lives on the border, said he prefers the children immigrants to the drug smugglers who used to try to sneak in from Mexico. Still, even he admits something has to be done. ‘In the past month I’ve seen it everyday,’ he said. ‘You gotta draw the line somewhere… This can’t go on forever.’


O HILL AND HOLDER PRISON 2014Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable. John F. Kennedy

By calling attention to a well-regulated militia for the security of the Nation, and the right of each citizen to keep and bear arms, our founding fathers recognized the essentially civilian nature of our economy. Although it is extremely unlikely that the fear of governmental tyranny, which gave rise to the 2nd amendment, will ever be a major danger to our Nation, the amendment still remains an important declaration of our basic military-civilian relationship, in which every citizen must be ready to participate in the defense of his country. For that reason I believe the 2nd Amendment will always be important. John F. Kennedy

A little background on me. I am the one who sounded the alarm on facebook about the border invasion. The American Patriots heard the call and it was shared 'Like the Brushfires of Liberty' and went viral nationally and then globally in 48 hours. Everyone has been watching the border situation ever since. This is the text of that alert in which I also tagged Texas Governor Rick Perry after being ignored by his staff for nearly two years on this matter. When the federal government and the state government wont defend America's borders then it falls to We The People.  My favebook page has since been 'disabled' permanently.   The action alert was also read out loud on the radio by Michael Savage. You can hear it here at the 18 minute mark.   Faithfully, Kelli D Gordon (956) 279 1604 Serving as National Coordinator & Texas State Director for Citizen Initiatives  Long Live Liberty!
A little background on me. I am the one who sounded the alarm on facebook about the border invasion. The American Patriots heard the call and it was shared ‘Like the Brushfires of Liberty’ and went viral nationally and then globally in 48 hours. Everyone has been watching the border situation ever since. This is the text of that alert in which I also tagged Texas Governor Rick Perry after being ignored by his staff for nearly two years on this matter. When the federal government and the state government wont defend America’s borders then it falls to We The People.
My favebook page has since been ‘disabled’ permanently.
The action alert was also read out loud on the radio by Michael Savage. You can hear it here at the 18 minute mark. 




Faithfully, Kelli D Gordon III% TX USA

Faithfully, Kelli D Gordon
Serving as National Coordinator and Texas State Directorfor Citizen Initiatives Long Live Liberty! (956) 279 1604


This criminal government with its rogue federal alphabet agencies of bullies and thugs is going to learn that The American Patriots in support of Rusty's Regulators AND EVERY OTHER GROUP OF AMERICANS IN DEFENSE OF AMERICA AND HER CONSTITUTION are going to be.... "THE TURDS THAT WON'T FLUSH" Hey! You smell sumthin'??? Smells like team spirit to me. Long Live Liberty!!!
This criminal government with its rogue federal alphabet agencies of bullies and thugs is going to learn that The American Patriots in support of Rusty’s Regulators AND EVERY OTHER GROUP OF AMERICANS IN DEFENSE OF AMERICA AND HER CONSTITUTION .
Hey! You smell sumthin’??? Smells like team spirit to me. Long Live Liberty!!!

Camp Lone Star – Massey & The Clash of Laws

Clash of Laws

Gary Hunt
Outpost of Freedom
October 27, 2014

If what the federal government implies to be true by their persecution of K. C. Massey is true, then there is no need for the three branches of the government of Texas to exist. On the other hand, the government of Texas should take a more aggressive role, as the Supreme Court did, in limiting the overbearing and abused authority of the federal law enforcement agencies.

CLICK HERE to read the Criminal Complaint

Liberty or Laws? Government Enforces Their Laws – Who Shall Enforce the Constitution?

Liberty or Laws?
Government Enforces Their Laws – Who Shall Enforce the Constitution?

gov const balance“Felony Possession of a Firearm” is the feds’ way of charging someone who is a convicted felon and possesses a firearm, which is found in 18 USC 922, at (g)(1). In two previous articles, we touched upon various aspects of that law. In “No bended knee for me” – the Charge against Robert Beecher, we addressed the interstate commerce aspect of that law. It explained that the law can only be properly applied if a person is directly involved in interstate or foreign commerce of a firearm, as any other interpretation would result in unequal justice under the law, whereby a citizen of one state might be able to have both firearms and ammunition, in another state, one might be able to only have ammunition or a firearm, and in the remainder of the states, one could possess neither firearm or ammunition.




Eric Holder on Brainwashing “I Meant Black People”

2014 ‘Show of force’ from militias is deterring immigrants, drug cartels in Texas – State Representative 

The Texas Democrats Who Hate The Constitutional Militia

A Really Hateful Letter To The Texas Democrats Who Hate The Constitutional Militia

KAPOW!! Texas Attorney General: Stop Whining About the Militia and Defend the Border Posted on August 12, 2014


Join Your Local Texas Militia Chapter Today!

South Texas.. Veteren of DHS Says, “We’re in a war zone.” And there’s no room for apathy. “This is coming to a town near you,” he warns.



It all begins with arming yourself and standing up as an American.

“We, the people are the rightful masters of both Congress and the courts — not to overthrow the Constitution, but to overthrow men who pervert the Constitution.” — Abraham Lincoln

 In the 238 years since declaring independence from Great Britain our governments, both local and Federal, have chipped away at the foundational principles that limited their power in America.

It is time for the people of the Republic to once again stand up and be counted in defense of our rights. After years of petitions, demonstrations, and court actions, our efforts have been spurned and rejected. The electoral system in America today is blatantly corrupt, since our enemies have infiltrated the process and now control the count. Those of us willing to defend freedom and liberty today are shouted down or ignored by the corporate owned media, which also demonizes us in advance of attacking us.

Property Owner Looking for Protection for his Land

Posted: Oct 27, 2014 6:41 PM

Rusty Monsees owns the property where Camp Lonestar operates. The civilian border protection group, self-titled Rusty’s Rangers, are under the scrutiny of federal investigators.

Since August, four members were arrested and two face federal charges.

Monsees said, “This ultimately falls back on me because I asked them for help.”

He said his land, which stretches for several acres along the Rio Grande, is vulnerable and “has always been an area which had a lot of crossings.”

He admits some of the first volunteers who answered his call came with criminal records and personal agendas.

He said the camp is different today.

“The ones that are here now, I have gone through and I have checked. They are bonafide as they say they are,” said Monsees.

His fears are very real and he believes without this personal private protection, his life is danger.

Monsees said, “If you don’t help me, I’m going to be dead.”

He is not ready to retreat. The Brownsville native hopes he can replace these men with volunteers who have nothing to hide.


God Bless Texas and The USA!!

Long Live Liberty!!



The men and women at Camp Lone Star are a highly effective team of American Patriots who have, in a very short span of time, already turned around hundreds of illegals who wanted to trespass thru the private property of an American landowner they have sworn to defend.

Camp Lone Star has a new mailing address for Patriots who want to mail gas cards, supplies, etc. Thanks so very much for the help. 1225 N. Expressway, #1C-147, Brownsville, Texas 78520….

Please pledge generously and regularly to this most worthy cause

KC Massey III PayPal is at or

Archie Seals PayPal is at

rebellion when injustice becomes law
A little rebellion now and then is a good thing and as necessary in the political world as storms in the physical. THOMAS JEFFERSON, letter to James Madison, Jan. 30, 1787

When the people’s government fails to respond to the people,  (I COULD SAY THE SAME THING TO YOU MR. PERRY) Rick Perry says he has the answer, according to Townhall.

“Jefferson was right when he said a little rebellion now and then is a good thing,” the Texas Republican said.

perry when you dont respond

Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott shrugged the letter off calling it a “partisan political stunt” and went on to say that rather than whining about the militia, they “should work with their Republican colleagues to secure federal funding for the state’s border security efforts.”

teas obama what border crisis

Reblogged a very good article about: Handgun Types By Chuck Hawks


Handgun TypesBy Chuck Hawks
Today most handguns fall into one of four categories: revolving pistols (revolvers), semi-automatic pistols (automatics), single shot pistols, and derringers. There may be some others out there (double-barrel flintlock pistols come to mind), but these four are the most commonly encountered types.

DerringersOpener_1 cimeron

Derringers were invented, or at least popularized, by a man named “Deringer” (note the single “r”). The original Deringer was a small, handy, single barrel, .41 caliber percussion pistol that could be easily concealed. A classic hide-out gun. John Wilkes Booth used one of these to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. When other manufacturers wanted to capitalize on the burgeoning popularity of these small pistols, they called their generic pistols “derringers,” and that is where the extra “r” came from.

Derringers are not repeaters; if more that one shot is desired, more than one barrel is required. I have seen derringers with up to four barrels. Derringers are designed for concealability. They are small and flat and have short barrels.

Probably the most famous type of derringer is the Remington over/under design that was widely copied, and is still common today. This was, and is, a single action pistol with short superposed barrels (which are hinged at the top, rather than at the bottom), a bird’s head grip, and no trigger guard, and it is what most people think of when they hear the word “derringer.”

American Derringer Corp. is probably the foremost manufacturer of improved Remington style derringers. Their derringers are made of stainless steel and incorporate a manual hammer block safety. They can be chambered for almost any pistol cartridge, from .22 LR to .45-7- Govt! Their standard Model 1 has 3 inch barrels and weighs 15.5 ounces in .38 Spec.

Because of their small size and bird’s head grips, the recoil of a Remington style derringer is difficult to control, and such guns are best chambered for relatively mild cartridges. I would not consider carrying one chambered for anything more powerful than standard velocity .38 Special cartridges. Indeed, the .38 Spec. is probably the caliber of choice for modern derringers. Another pretty good cartridge for a derringer would be the rimfire .22 Magnum (.22 WMR), and for years High Standard built a double-action-only over/under derringer for that cartridge. Since the original High Standard company folded, this derringer has been produced by others.

Derringers are intended for very close range personal protection. They were the classic weapon of old west riverboat gamblers, perhaps because the width of a card table is about the right range for a derringer. They are often supplied without sights, or with only a front sight. This, combined with their short barrels and inadequate grips, relegates them to point shooting ranges only.

pistol single shot pistol

Single Shot pistols
A derringer can be a single shot pistol, and most flintlock pistols were of single shot persuasion, as were all dueling pistols. Today, however, when single shots are mentioned, it is usually a large hunting or target (Silhouette) pistol that is envisioned. And that is the type I will discuss here.

The most popular single shot pistol today is the Thompson/Center Encore. T/C pisols were conceived purely as hunting pistols. They also became very popular for Silhouette target shooting, when that sport came along, and a it was a shooter armed with a T/c Contender who shot the first perfect score in that difficult game. The T/C pistols are large, strong, break-action pistols chambered for a very wide variety of cartridges, including some rifle cartridges. Calibers run from .22 rimfire to .45/70 Govt. Barrels in various calibers can be interchanged, making these the most versatile of hunting pistols. Barrel lengths are usually 10 inches or 14 inches, but some models come with a 16 1/4 inch bull barrel. The latter is available in the aforementioned .45/70 caliber, suitable for the heaviest North American game at close range, using modern handloads. There are also special ventilated rib style barrels available for shooting .410 shotshells. Most T/C barrels come with excellent target type iron sights, but optical sights are usually the choice of the experienced hunter, and T/C barrels are drilled and tapped to accept scope mounts.

The other type of single shot hunting pistol commonly seen today is the bolt action. The Remington XP-100 was the first pistol of this type from a major manufacturer. The XP-100 was introduced in the early 1960’s, based on the same short bolt action as the Remington Model 600 rifle, which came out a year after the XP-100. For many years, XP-100’s were only chambered in .221 Fireball caliber. Naturally, many hunters privately re-barreled their XP-100’s to calibers suitable for big game hunting, and eventually Remington saw the light and chambered their super accurate single shot pistol for a variety of high intensity short action rifle cartridges. Most XP-100’s were supplied with 14 1/2 inch barrels, although other lengths are sometimes seen. Stocks were originally made from DuPont “Zytel” nylon, same as the famous Nylon 66 .22 rifle, but later walnut and laminated wood, as well as synthetic stocks, became available.

The success of the XP-100, and later the Contender, spawned numerous single shot hunting pistols from small manufacturers. Most of these were based on some sort of bolt action, but rolling block, rotating breech (like a cannon), falling block, and probably other types of actions, have been used. Almost all of them were or are chambered for a variety of cartridges, usually including short action rifle cartridges like the .308 Win. Almost none of these big single shot pistols will fit into any normal kind of holster (although T/C does have a shoulder holster for the Contender with the 10 inch barrel); in the field they are usually carried on a sling, like a rifle.

There has been considerable debate over the years about whether these huge single shot pistols are significantly handier than a light, carbine length rifle. That is a reasonable question, of course, but technically they qualify as pistols, and that is the main point.

pistols semi autos several

Semi-Automatic Pistols
The semi-automatic (or self loading) pistol was born around the beginning of the 20th century, and has increased in popularity ever since. They first found favor with the military, then with civilians and police. Today, it is the most popular type of handgun. They are especially popular for self defense purposes, and also for bull’s eye target shooting and the action shooting sports. They are seldom chosen as hunting weapons, except in the case of .22 rimfires, because the cartridges they are typically chambered for do not have the energy and flat trajectory required. Also, the most popular self loaders do not usually deliver the gilt-edged accuracy of a good single shot pistol or a premium revolver.

Perhaps it is worth pointing out that while we shooters tend to call self-loading pistol “automatics” or “auto pistols,” this refers to the fact that they automatically reload themselves after every shot (until their magazine is exhausted). They are technically “semi-automatic” weapons. That is, a separate pull of the trigger is required for every shot. One pull on the trigger equals one shot. They do not fire “full automatic” like a machine gun, where one pull on the trigger lets the gun fire continuously until the magazine is exhausted.

Auto pistols chamber cartridges ranging from the .22 Short to the .50 AE. As defense weapons they have two major advantages over most revolvers: (1) greater cartridge capacity (2) faster reloading. The former is true because the typical centerfire auto pistol magazine holds from 7 to 17 rounds, compared to 6 for the average revolver. The latter is true because the action of the pistol automatically ejects the spent brass as it cycles; when the shooter needs to reload he merely removes the empty magazine and inserts a new one. This is faster than swinging out a revolver’s cylinder, ejecting the brass, and feeding 6 new rounds into the cylinder from a speed loader.

Note, however, that (2) above is true only so long as the shooter has preloaded magazines available. If the shooter has to reload his empty weapon from a typical box of factory fresh ammunition, the revolver can be returned to action quite a bit faster than the auto pistol. Also, if reloading is interrupted by enemy action, the revolver’s cylinder can be closed and the gun fired more rapidly than an auto pistol can be returned to action with a partially loaded magazine.

As .22 rimfire target pistols, the semi-automatics are unsurpassed. These are full size, blow back operated (meaning that the breech is not mechanically locked, the breechblock is held closed only by the inertia of the slide and the force of the recoil spring) pistols with heavy weight barrels. They normally come with excellent sights and adjustable triggers. They are brilliantly accurate, slightly more so than target revolvers (whose rotating cylinder introduces a tiny bit of variation from chamber to chamber), and are equaled or surpassed in accuracy only by the best specialty single shot pistols. Fine examples have been made in America by Browning, Colt, High Standard, Ruger, and Smith & Wesson, as well as overseas by firms like Benelli, Beretta, Bernadelli, and Hammerli.

Many of the .22 target autos also make fine small game hunting pistols, as do some of the field models with similar actions. These field models, like the famous Colt Woodsman, typically have tapered contour barrels rather that the heavy bull barrels fitted to the target models, and nonadjustable triggers set in the 4 pound range for field use, rather than the fully adjustable lightweight trigger of the target model. Some come with fixed sights, but others feature adjustable sights. They are fine field guns for hunting or plinking, especially when equipped with optical sights.

Another type of small bore, blowback, auto pistol is the “pocket pistol.” These are the smallest of auto pistols. They are sized to literally fit in a pocket. Typically they are chambered for the .22 rimfire or .25 ACP cartridges. Slightly larger versions come in .32 ACP and .380 ACP, which are a better choice for protection. Although most of them are really too large to fit in a normal pocket, they remain very compact and easily carried pistols. With modern jacketed hollow point bullets, the .380 about equals the effectiveness of the .38 Special revolver cartridge fired in a 2 inch snubby revolver. Which is to say, the modern .380 auto is no “mouse gun.”

By far the most popular type of semi-autos today are the service and compact service pistols. These are the first choice of the military, police, and armed citizens. Today’s modern autoloaders from firms like Colt, Beretta, Browning, Glock, H&K, SIG/Sauer, and Walther are accurate, powerful, and reliable. They can be had in single action, single action/double action, and double action only form, plus the Glock “Safe Action” and copies thereof.

Most of these pistols are short recoil operated, meaning that upon firing, the barrel and slide are mechanically locked together. These move rearward together until the bullet leaves the barrel and the gas pressure drops to a safe level. After recoiling backward together a short distance (about 3/8-inch), the breech end of the barrel is pulled down and stopped (by a link or a cam surface), and it unlocks from the slide, which continues backwards alone because of its momentum. As the slide moves rearward, it extracts and ejects the fired brass, and recocks the hammer or striker–the whole time the slide is moving back it is compressing the recoil spring. Finally, the recoil spring is fully compressed and the backward motion of the slide stops. The recoil spring then drives the slide forward. On its way back to battery the slide strips the top round from the magazine and shoves it into the chamber, then it is forced back into engagement with the breech end of the barrel, and the action is again locked and ready to fire. The main drawback of this system is the movement of the barrel, which creates bedding problems, and decreases accuracy. This is why semi-auto pistols are seldom used for hunting or other long range shooting. However, the system is plenty accurate enough for defensive pistol purposes and ranges.

The most useful calibers for service pistols are the 9×19 (9mm Parabellum), .40 S&W, and .45 ACP, plus (maybe) the 10mm Automatic. There are other choices, like the .38 Super and .357 SIG, but frankly, if all auto pistol service rounds other than the first four I named were to disappear tomorrow, it would make very little difference in the overall scheme of things. I will even go so far as to say that the old 9×19 and .45 ACP pretty well cover the field, and have since before WW I. The recent .40 S&W and 10mm Auto were more the result of marketing hype and the desire for something new, rather than any ballistic necessity.

The 10mm is kind of a “magnum” load for auto pistols, and in its full power loading is too powerful for most defensive scenarios. Its popularity has been limited because of its recoil, and because it is hard on guns. The FBI helped keep the 10mm alive by adopting it for its issue pistols. They quickly found that the full power 10mm load was too powerful for most agents to control in combat situations, and spurred the development of the “10mm Lite” combat load, which is ballistically identical to the .40 S&W. I think the 10mm, with the choice of light and full power loads, has the potential to be an “all around” cartridge for auto pistols (service and sport), much as the .357 Mag. is for revolvers. Perhaps someday it will catch on for field use. If it does, it should grow in popularity–if not, it will become moribund, as its combat load offers no advantage over the .40 S&W.

My list of useful cartridges for today’s auto pistols would read something like this: .22 Short, .22 LR, .25 ACP, .32 ACP, .380 ACP, 9×19, .40 S&W, 10mm Auto, and .45 ACP. There are others, but they are not as popular as the established rounds listed here, and it is hard to see the justification for their existence.

pistol smith an wesson revolver

Revolving Pistols
Now we come to the revolvers. I shall make no attempt to hide the fact that I think a good revolver is the best general purpose hunting and field sidearm, and probably the best all around design to boot.

Revolvers possess certain advantages over most auto pistols. The most important of these are probably safety, accuracy, strength, and the ability to chamber a much wider variety of cartridges, including a number of powerful and flat shooting magnum calibers. These advantages mean that revolvers are particularly suitable for hunting and use in the field.

Revolvers come in two basic types: single action (SA) and double action (DA). Generally, the frame and grip shapes of the two types are different. The single action is the western style revolver, and the double action is the typical police style weapon.

Functionally, the single action’s hammer must be thumb cocked before it can be fired. Cocking the hammer also causes the cylinder to rotate, bringing a fresh cartridge into firing position under the hammer. After it is cocked it requires only a short, light (ideally about 3 pound) press on the trigger to fire the weapon.

A double action revolver may also be thumb cocked before firing, just like a single action, so that a light press on the trigger will fire the gun. But it can also be fired by a long (approximately 1/2 inch), strong (usually 10 to 12 pound) pull on the trigger alone. In this case, the long trigger pull causes the cylinder to rotate as it simultaneously draws back the hammer. When the cylinder locks into firing position, the hammer should be all the way back, and the last part of the trigger’s rearward movement then releases the hammer, firing the pistol. This is called “trigger cocking,” and it is the second method of firing the pistol (double action–two ways to operate the gun, get it?). This DA method is good for quick, fairly close range, shooting. The SA mode is better for precise accuracy and long range shooting.

DA revolvers are also fast and easy to reload, since the cylinder typically swings out of the frame for simultaneous ejection of all six empty brass cases with one push on the ejector rod. The empty cylinder can then be reloaded very quickly if the shooter uses a “speed loader,” a small device which drops new cartridges into all six chambers simultaneously. Alternatively, new cartridges can be fed into the empty cylinder by hand. The latter is still quicker and easier than feeding cartridges into the magazine of an auto pistol.

Single action revolvers traditionally lack the swing out cylinder feature. Spent cases are ejected individually when a loading gate on the right side of the frame, directly behind the cylinder, is swung open, and the cylinder manually rotated to align each chamber with the manually operated ejector rod. They are reloaded one chamber at a time, again by rotating each chamber into position in front of the open loading gate, and then inserting a new cartridge. It takes longer to write about this than to do it, but it is slower than reloading a DA revolver, even without a speed loader.

Modern double action revolvers are perfectly safe to carry with all six chambers loaded, as they all use some sort of transfer bar or hammer block to positively prevent the hammer from contacting a cartridge and causing an accidental discharge. But a traditional single action revolver (as designed by Sam Colt and copied by practically everyone) should always be carried with the hammer down on an empty chamber. There is no hammer block or transfer bar; the “quarter cock” safety notch provides only partial safety–primarily against inadvertently pulling the trigger. It is not absolutely safe if the gun is dropped on its hammer spur, or the hammer is struck a solid blow, because either the sear or the notch in the hammer could break, and allow the hammer to contact the cartridge under the hammer, firing the weapon.

There is a traditional style SA revolver that is safe to carry with all six chambers loaded, and that is the “New Action” (or “two pin”) Ruger SA revolver. Ruger redesigned the Old Model (or “three screw”) SA to incorporate a modern transfer bar ignition system. The transfer bar does not allow the hammer to contact the cartridge until the hammer has been fully cocked, and the trigger pulled fully to the rear.

Double action revolvers make better combat guns due to their greater sustained rate of aimed fire in the DA mode, and quicker reloading. These factors are unimportant in the field, and some of the best hunting revolvers are of the single action persuasion.

Among the advantages of the single action revolver for hunting are strength, compactness and a western style “plow handle” grip. This grip shape is very comfortable for most shooters, and allows the gun to roll a little bit in the hand when heavy loads are fired. This substantially reduces felt recoil when shooting heavy magnum loads. The SA revolver’s frame is stronger for a given size and weight. For example, the medium frame Ruger Blackhawk is proofed to 60,000 psi.

One SA particularly worth mentioning is the Freedom Arms Casull revolver, now available in a variety of calibers including .22 LR, .22 WMR, .357 Mag. (also .38 Spec.), .41 Mag., .44 Mag. (also .44 Spec.), .45 ACP, .45 Long Colt, .45 Win Mag., and .454 Casull. These immensely strong, superbly accurate, ultra precisely machined, stainless steel revolvers are widely regarded as the best in the world. Scope mounts are available.

Another excellent choice for field use are the aforementioned Ruger SA revolvers, especially the Super Single Six, Blackhawk, Super Blackhawk, and Bisley models. These are also very strong, accurate, and come equipped with fully adjustable sights. Ruger single actions have been chambered for a wide variety of cartridges, including the .22 LR, .22 WMR, .30 Carbine, .32 H&R Mag. (also .32 S&W and .32 Long), 9×19, .357 Mag. (also .38 Spec.), .41 Mag., .44-40, .44 Mag. (also .44 Spec.), .45 ACP, and .45 Long Colt. These Ruger SA’s are made in three different frame sizes, and with three different grip styles, and in blue and stainless steel finishes. Perhaps the ultimate Ruger SA for the handgun hunter was the Super Blackhawk Hunter, which featured a full length, solid barrel rib machined to accept Ruger scope mounting rings, which were included. Conventional scope mounts are available for all other Ruger models. Ruger’s large frame SA revolvers also form the usual basis for conversion to some truly wild wildcat cartridges in .45 caliber and larger. These super heavy revolver loads are way beyond what most auto pistols and DA revolvers can stand.

The Colt name, of course, is synonymous with single action revolvers, and Colt still makes their famous Single Action Army (in limited numbers), as well as the newer, less expensive Cowboy model. The latter features a modern transfer bar ignition system, and may be carried fully loaded. Unfortunately, both of these revolvers lack adjustable sights. The best of the Colt single actions, the New Frontier models, have been discontinued. These New Frontiers came with a stronger flat top frame, fully adjustable rear and ramp front sights, and a beautiful color case hardened frame with Colt’s Royal Blue finish on barrel and cylinder. New Frontier models were available in .22 LR, .22 WMR, .357 Mag., .44 Spec., and .45 Long Colt. Today they are usually regarded as collectors items, but if you can find one for sale it will serve nicely in the field.

There are a plethora of double action revolvers well suited to personal defense, concealed carry, and police or military service, and you will find many of them mentioned in some of the other articles and charts on this web site that address those topics. Just about any well made DA revolver with a 6 inch or shorter barrel, and chambered for a suitable cartridge, will serve very well as a defensive pistol. Colt, Ruger, and Smith & Wesson are the most prominent manufacturers of such revolvers.

The most popular revolver cartridges for combat shooting are the .38 Special and .357 Magnum (the latter is at the top of the list for “one shot stops”). The .44 Special and .45 Long Colt also have their fans, as do reduced power loads for the .41 and .44 Magnums. The full power loads for these last two are too powerful for most defensive purposes.

There are also several DA revolvers that are well suited for use in the field. Perhaps the most outstanding of these is the Colt Python .357 Mag. It is built on a .41 caliber size frame (Colt calls it their “I” frame) for extra durability, and the action receives extra hand fitting and honing in the Colt Custom Shop to insure superior fit, smoothness, and a decent trigger pull (increasingly rare on most guns these days). Barrel lengths are 2.5 inches, 4 inches, 6 inches, and 8 inches. All Pythons come with target type adjustable sights. The features of the Python have been extensively copied by other makers, particularly the frame size and the full length barrel underlug. For example, an “L” frame S&W will fit perfectly in a holster designed for a Python. However, no one has succeeded in combining all of the features of the Python in another gun. Scope mounts are available for mounting optical sights to Pythons.

Other good DA Magnum hunting revolvers include the Colt King Cobra (.357) and Anaconda (.44), the top-of-the-line S&W “N” frame revolvers: M 610 (10mm Auto), M 27 (.357), M 657 (.41), and M 29/629 series (.44), and the Ruger Redhawk and Super Redhawk revolvers (both .44 only). The Rugers are available with integral scope mount and rings from the factory, while mounts and rings are available for the others.

A specialized group of revolvers is the snubbys, pocket revolvers and mini revolvers. These are analogous to the previously discussed pocket automatics, and fulfill the same role. The Colt Detective Special is the classic DA snub nose (2 inch barrel) .38 Special, along with the Smith & Wesson Chief’s Special. Both have been made in sundry variations, the most useful of which are the alloy framed versions. These are lighter than their all steel counterparts, and therefore more comfortable to carry concealed. Very compact revolvers have been chambered for other (generally less effective) cartridges, including .22 Short, .22 Long, .22 Long Rifle, .22 WMR, .32 S&W, .32 S&W Long, .32 Short Colt, .32 Long Colt, .32 H&R Mag., .38 S&W, .38 Short Colt, and .455 Webley. In more recent years there has been a trend to chamber compact revolvers for more powerful cartridges, including .44 Spec. and .357 Mag. Fearsome .357 snubbys are now available from Colt, Ruger, and S&W. Personally, I want no part of these.

The ultra small SA mini-revolvers, as made by Freedom Arms and North American Arms, are the smallest repeating pistols available, even smaller than a derringer. These are chambered for the .22 Short, .22 Long Rifle, and .22 WMR, and weigh only 4-9 ounces! In .22 Mag. these represent an attempt to strike a serious blow with the smallest possible weapon. My favorite mini-revolver, the NAA Black Widow, is surprisingly accurate and not too difficult to shoot. In my informal tests it has consistently delivered bullets to the target more reliably and more accurately (but not faster) than a pocket auto.

Also compact, but not intended as hideout guns, are the “kit guns.” Also sometimes called “trail guns,” these are compact frame .22 revolvers with longer barrels than a snubby, and often adjustable sights. These kit guns are intended to be carried in a backpack or slipped into a tackle box, equally ready for an impromptu plinking session or an emergency.

The classic kit gun is the Smith & Wesson 22/32 Kit Gun. The “22/32” designation referred to the fact that the gun was a .22 LR built on the .32 size “J” frame. Today, the Smith Kit Gun can be had in various configurations, all with adjustable sights: the .22 LR Model 63 is similar to the original, but in stainless steel; the Model 651 is basically the same gun in .22 WMR; and the .22 LR Model 317 AirLite has an alloy frame. The old, standard, blue steel Kit Guns have been discontinued.

Ruger’s single action New Model Super Bearcat .22 LR/.22 WMR convertible is that company’s version of a kit gun. This cute little SA is available in blue or stainless steel, but only with fixed sights.

North American Arms has their Mini-Master, which is based on their “large” (.22 Mag.) frame mini-revolver. The Mini-Master has a heavy 4 inch barrel, full-size grips, and adjustable sights. Its 5-shot cylinder can be chambered for either .22 LR or .22 WMR, or it can be purchased as a convertible with both cylinders. At 7.75 inches in length and 10.7 ounces it is out of the mini-revolver class, but it is still a petite gun, and seems to be aimed squarely at the kit gun market.

The other group of revolvers, both single action and double action, that deserve mention is the full size (as opposed to hide out guns and mini-revolvers) .22 rimfire target and small game hunting revolvers. These are excellent for general recreational shooting. All of those mentioned below are equipped with fully adjustable sights, and are available with 6 inch or longer barrels.

In single action form we have the Colt New Frontier and the Ruger Super Single Six Convertible. Both come (or came, in the case of the Colt, since it is discontinued) with two cylinders, one chambered for the .22 LR, and the other chambered for the .22 WMR. These .22 /.22 Mag. convertible revolvers make just about the most versatile trail/camp/field/plinking/hunting guns imaginable. A person who wants to try handgun hunting would be very well served by a convertible revolver.

In double action form, Colt’s entry was the outstanding Colt Diamondback (now discontinued), looking for all the world like a Python–but built on the smaller .38 size “D” frame–chambered for .22 LR. Colt also used to chamber their full size Mk IV and MK V service revolvers in .22 LR. These were the predecessors of the .357 Mag. King Cobra, and like the King Cobra they were built on a .41 size frame. Unfortunately, the King Cobra has no identical .22 understudy.

Smith & Wesson have built their premium DA .22 LR revolver, the K-22 Masterpiece, for many years. The current versions, the Model 17 (blue finish) or 617 (stainless steel), now have a full length barrel lug and look something like a Colt Diamondback without the ventilated rib. Smith K-22 models are built on the .38 size “K” frame. Back in the 1950’s and early 1960’s, many authorities considered the S&W K-22 Masterpiece to be the finest .22 revolver make anywhere. The new ones are still satisfactory, but if you can get an clean old one used, grab it. There was also a .22 Magnum version of the K-22 Masterpiece, called the Model 648 in stainless steel, but it has been discontinued.

As we have seen, revolvers can be chambered in a very widevariety of cartridges, including those usually chambered in auto pistols. And there are a considerable number of obsolescent revolver cartridges which are seldom seen any more. The perfectly adequate .32-20, .38-40 and .44-40 would be good examples. But I think that the needs of most shooters today could be satisfied by one or more of the following revolver cartridges: .22 LR, .22 WMR, .30 Carbine, .32 H&R Mag., .38 Special, .357 Mag., .41 Rem. Mag., .44 Spec., .44 Rem. Mag., .45 Long Colt and .454 Casull.